Cystitis is a common urinary tract infection characterized by bladder inflammation. This informative article provides a concise overview of cystitis, including its definition, treatment options, and prevention strategies.
Cystitis is primarily caused by bacterial infection, often by Escherichia coli (E. coli). Antibiotics are the mainstay of treatment, targeting the underlying infection. Pain relievers can help alleviate discomfort, while increased fluid intake aids in flushing out bacteria.
Three types of cystitis are noteworthy. Bacterial cystitis, the most common form, is caused by bacterial infection and presents symptoms like frequent urination, burning sensation during urination, and lower abdominal pain. Interstitial cystitis is a chronic condition characterized by persistent bladder discomfort and pain, while radiation cystitis arises from pelvic radiation therapy, damaging the bladder lining.
Preventing cystitis involves good personal hygiene practices, such as wiping from front to back and regular washing. Regular urination and staying hydrated also play crucial roles in reducing the risk of infection.
In conclusion, understanding cystitis empowers individuals to recognize symptoms, seek appropriate treatment, and adopt preventive measures. By maintaining hygiene, staying hydrated, and seeking timely medical care, individuals can proactively manage cystitis and maintain a healthy urinary system.