Urological cancers

Urological cancers are growths of abnormal cells that form in the organs of the urinary tract in both men and women, and in the testicles, prostate and penis of the male reproductive system. The urinary tract produces and stores urine. It comprises the kidneys, the ureter (tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder), the bladder and the urethra (tube that carries urine from the bladder and expels it from the body). Frequently, cancers in these organs produce symptoms such as pain, a lump, urinary tract infections(UTIs) or blood in the urine. If you have any of these symptoms then please consult Dr Subodh Kamble.

Many cancers are curable when caught early. As with other types of cancer, doctors treat most urologic cancers by attempting to remove the tumour (the clump of abnormal cells) surgically. For some conditions, Dr Subodh Kamble will recommend radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy after surgery. Radiation process uses high-energy beams, like x-rays, to control or stop cancer cells from growing. Other patients might have chemotherapy to destroy cancer cells or control their growth.

See below for specific information about the various types of urologic cancer that can affect men and women.

Kidney cancer

Kidney cancer can affect men and women but men experience the disease more than women. Kidney cancer is abnormal cell growth in the kidney. The kidneys are two organs, located in the mid portion of the back, that cleanse the blood through a process that produces urine. Cancer cells may grow in the tissues or tubes within the kidney. If detected at early stage, the treatment to cure it, becomes easier and even before it can spread anywhere. Age over 60 is the average age when people are diagnosed with kidney cancer but it can happen at early age. Dr Kamble removes the kidney cancers through a key hole surgery (Laparoscopically). Dr Kamble has an expertise to remove the kidney cancer through the retroperitoneal space, that is without entering through the abdominal area (tummy area). Dr Kamble is also trained in robotic kidney cancer removal.

Bladder cancer

Bladder cancer is a relatively common cancer that occurs when abnormal cells grow in the bladder, the organ that stores urine in the body. Bladder cancer can affect men and women but it is more common in men, and occurs most often in people who are age 60 or older. It is more common among people who smoke, people who experience frequent bladder inflammation, and people who have been exposed to radiation and certain chemotherapy medications.

The most frequent symptom of bladder cancer is blood in urine. Some patients also feel pain or irritation, or frequent urination. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms then please consult Dr Subodh Kamble about these symptoms or concerns to determine a cause.

Small tumours that have not spread beyond the bladder frequently can be removed from the wall of the bladder. However, Dr Subodh Kamble holds and expertise to remove large tumours of size of 10cm in a one setting that is even spread to the bladder muscle wall or beyond. Much larger tumours that have spread much deeper into the bladder wall, or into other parts of the body, may require additional treatment. Dr Subodh Kamble usually prefers to save the bladder if possible and offers trimodal treatment and muscle invasive bladder cancers. He would play an active role during the trimodal treatment include chemotherapy, radiation therapy or immunotherapy.

Bladder cancer can recur therefore it is advised to follow all the procedures afterwards. Many people who have had bladder tumours removed have follow-up treatments for years afterward to check for any possible recurrence of the cancer.

Urethral cancer

Urethral cancer is the growth of abnormal cells in the urethra, the tube that carries urine out of the body. It is a rare cancer and can affect men and women but it is more common in older women and in people who have had bladder cancer. Its symptoms are similar to those of other urologic cancers. If you experience blood in urine, a stop-and-go stream of urine, pain in the groin or pelvis, or painful or frequent urination then please consult Dr Subodh Kamble.

Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men over age 50 but it can occur in younger male. Prostate cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the prostate, the small gland situated along the male urinary tract below the bladder. Its purpose is to produce and nourish semen, the fluid that transports sperm. Fortunately, most prostate cancers are detected in very early stages using PSA (Prostate- specific antigen) test. A prostate biopsy is the only method of definitively diagnosing prostate cancer. If detected early the prognosis is good with successful treatment. PSA testing with prostate examination is recommended for males starting at age 45. Dr Kamble has extensive experience and profound expertise in treating prostate cancers. He is able to offer all the treatment modalities for prostate cancer including laparoscopic and robotic prostate surgery as well as 4D Brachytherapy.

Penile cancer

Penile cancer is a rare cancer that starts in the penis. Usually as a type of cancer cell called a squamous cell, which is a flat skin cell. Typically, squamous cells grow slowly. No one knows precisely what causes penile cancer. It is less common among men who are circumcised when they are babies. Men who has HPV or AIDS seem to have a higher risk. Men who smoke, or if they have received certain treatments for the skin condition psoriasis are also at risk of developing a penile cancer.

Men who have penile cancer might notice symptoms such as:

  • A blister or sore on the penis

  • A wart-like growth that discharges watery pus

  • Abnormal discharge from under the foreskin

  • Bleeding

Surgery is the standard treatment method for penile cancer, and numerous methods exist depending on far along the cancer is and the overall health of the patient.

Testicular cancer

Testicular cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow in the testis. Testicular cancer can commonly occur any time between the ages of 15 to 50. It is generally easily cured if found early. The testes are the male reproductive organs that produce sperm. They are held in the pouch of skin called the scrotum. The symptoms of testicular cancer are a lump or swelling in the scrotum, and pain or a sense of heaviness in the scrotum, groin or lower belly. Most men find testicular cancer themselves, during a monthly-recommended self-exam or by chance.

Testicular cancer more commonly occurs one testicle but 5-10 % can occur bilaterally. Most testicular cancer begins in the cells that make sperm. There are two main types of testicular cancers involving germ cells: seminomatous and non-seminomatous germ cell tumours. Seminomas have a better prognosis compared to Non-seminomas as they grow and spread faster. Testicular cancer is relatively rare, but it is the most common cancer that young men experience. No one knows what causes testicular cancer. It is possible that having an undescended testicle or the genetic defect called Klinefelter syndrome might increase a man’s risk. But many men who are diagnosed with testicular cancer have no risk factors.

Dr Subodh Kamble offers curative surgical treatment for these cancers and personally supervise further treatment such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy if required for a type of cancer. Dr Kamble also offers testicular prosthesis insertion.

Adrenal tumours

Adrenal tumours could be cancerous or noncancerous tumours of the adrenal glands. The adrenal glands are located on top of the kidneys on both sides. The cause of most adrenal tumours is unknown. Risk factors for adrenal tumours can include Li-Fraumeni syndrome, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 and neurofibromatosis type 1. Dr Kamble removes the adrenal tumours by a key hole (Laparoscopic) surgery as well as robotic surgery. However some adrenal tumours may be not require surgical treatment and can be treated medically.